Portrait - Seite 3 -
And all Varieties in spotted tabby, mackerel tabby, blotched (classic) tabby, ticked tabby and smoke, silver and shaded.
En Tenere´s Jumanji cinnamon mackerel tabby
Tempcats classic tabby kittens,NZ
OSH black classic tabby
Lilly Sayonara Mizcinnamon cinnamon spotted tabby
OSH black ticked tabby
All exist also in Bi-Color
Pizzicato Posh Spice, Bi-Colour cínnamon-wei
Hereditary and other defects typical of the breed
As with all animal populations whose origins go back to a very small genetic pool and a resultant high degree of in-breeding and loss of ancestry, the Siamese and the Orientals suffers from a range of hereditary diseases. Many years of in-breeding, and very narrow breeding lines not only consolidated and multiplied the desired features but also the undesired genetic defects. It is therefore very important in today’s breeding of Siamese cats to conduct thorough pedigree studies prior to breeding to prevent the passing on of possible hidden defects.
The following hereditary illnesses are known:
Kinked tail - Kink or knot in the tail
Altered sternum – Thorax process like a thorn at the abdomen. The process can turn to the interior or exterior of the body. The altered sternum toward the interior is more rare and can only be demonstrated via an x-ray.
Frog syndrome - Deformity of the thorax
Cheilognathopalatoschisis - Open cleft palate. Depending on the size of the cleft palate the newborn kittens are not capable of sucking milk from the mother cat’s teats.
Open abdomen - Abdomen of the newborn not fully closed. The kittens do not survive.
Cardiomyopathy – Cardiac defect
Persistent aortic arch – At the level of the heart’s base a vascular ring cuts into the oesophagus, is counted as cardiac defect
Megaoesophagus – Constriction of the oesophagus, can occur at different sections of the oesophagus
Hereditary renal disease
Cancer of the liver and the intestinal tract
Enophthalmus – Rolled up eyelids, which cause constant itching and infections, often in connection with a prolapse of the third eyelid.
Strabismus - Squint
Nystagmus - Nystagmus
With regard to this unpleasant topic, openness is demanded by the breeders. It is not a disgrace to be affected by these so-called hereditary diseases for which the basis was laid many centuries ago. However, it is not useful to conceal any hereditary defects, to continue breeding with cats affected or to pass them on to other breeders.
The status of the breed according to the current Protection of Animals Act
In the report on the interpretation of section 11 b of the Protection of Animals Act the Siamese bear a mention on the grounds of the lightening of their colour which is due to alleles cs.
An excerpt from the report runs as follows: “Cats whose partial lightening of colour is determined by the cs factor, are diagnosed with deviating (aberrant) courses of the fibres of the optic tract, squinting (strabismus) and nystagmus.”
The following recommendations were issued to the breeding associations:
- Masked cats of all breeds are to be ophthalmologically examined prior to issuing a permission to breed.
- Prohibition to breed for animals with visual defects. All cats examined are to be permanently marked (tattoo or microchip). Breeding logs are to be kept. Breeding logs and examination results are to be provided on request.
Problems with deafness amongst Siamese and Foreign White’s are not yet known. The colouring of their fur is not caused by the so-called W-gene.
Breeding/Rearing and nutrition
Even if the Oriental breeds tend to socialising and living in a family group, one should take care not to keep too many cats in a group. Even among these cats there are ones which prefer to lead a life as an individual. Too high a population density promotes fighting for hierarchical positions and territory. Despite the long history of breeding, the Siamese has not lost its original features as a cat.
Cats who have become enemies only very rarely alter their behaviour and one is generally forced to give away one of the rivalling creatures (for the cats’ sake).
The care and keep of Siamese and Orientals requires only little effort. A specialised care of the fur is not necessary. Due to the lack of an undercoat simple stroking suffices to remove dead hairs. A high-quality brand food and the occasional gift of vitamins and yeast preparations generally suffice for optimum nutrition. Ceiling-height cat trees promote the cat’s urge for exercise and contribute to their well-being. Although the Oriental cats are among those breeds that mature early and it is not rare that five month old cats have their first heat, they are counted among the breeds that develop late. This means that young cats should not be separated from their mother before the end of the fourteenth week. With regard to the development of their immune status they are somewhat behind the other breeds.
There are different opinions on the optimum age for Orientals to bear offspring. On the one hand they are among the so-called slender-build breeds and with progressive age the pubic symphysis ossifies which bears a higher risk for Caesarean section. On the other hand they are also among the breeds with delayed development and their immune system requires more time to fully develop. A suitable age for initial mating is, in my experience, at an age between 12 and 24 months. An Oriental in heat in an apartment can cause serious problems. It is not seldom that her raucous voice can be heard over a long distance being the cause of many quarrels between neighbours and landlords.
The duration of pregnancy is about 65-67 days. Weight at birth is between 80 and 120 grams. Previous litter sizes of six or more kittens are rarely achieved these days. Speculation exists on the causes of this. The rearing of healthy kittens is generally without problems. From their fourth week the kittens already start eating solids. At the age of eight to nine weeks the vaccination programme commences which should be completed by the time the kittens are 14 weeks old. Preventive treatment against worms can begin at the age of four weeks. However, one should be aware of the fact that all worm preparations are highly dosed chemicals and that the recommendations issued by the pharmaceutical industry are targeted at selling high volumes of these preparations. The examination of the kittens’ faeces at a recognized laboratory represents an alternative to these often unnecessary measures. If your cats’ faeces are occasionally checked for parasites in such a laboratory, the intervals of a chemical worm treatment can be dramatically reduced amongst your cats in the event of a negative result.
For many owners of a Siamese it is a matter “Once a Siamese, always a Siamese!” If you are interested in a lively, intelligent and easy-to-handle cat, a cat from the Oriental breeds may be just what you want. No matter whether it is a slender-build or moderate type. Appearances alone do not make a real Siamese.
In this spirit I wish you the best of luck with this wonderful companion. May you enjoy each other!